December 13th, 2006 at 5:27 pm (Fast PHP Tutorial Series)
Hi dear pupils!
Today we will learn,
- How to Install PHP on Windows
- How to Install PHP on Linux
- How to Install Apache on Windows to support PHP
- How to run PHP with IIS
lets begin with How to Install PHP On Windows
Well, first of all visit PHP Official Website and download Windows Binary Installation files. There are different versions of PHP the latest version is PHP 5.2.0 at the time of writing this article.
One more thing, you will see two kinds of Windows Binary files .zip and .exe I am going to follow .zip file installation as .exe will not install PHP as Apache module on Windows. So if you are going to follow this tutorial then download .zip file.
Now create a directory for your PHP installation typically on “C:\PHP”, and create a temporary directory, may be “C:\PHP\temp” to unzip the files. As we don’t need all the files included in the .zip archive for PHP installation so first we are going to unzip the files in the temporary directory that we just created and then we will copy only those files to main “C:\PHP” directory which are needed for PHP installation.
Now unzip the downloaded file to the temporary directory “C:\PHP\temp” and copy the following files to main PHP directory “C:\PHP”
the file names will differ according to the version of PHP you downloaded. Remember we need php5apcahe.dll if you want to run PHP with Apache 1.3 version and php5apache2.dll for Apache 2.x version so you can skip one of them. You can find these files in the temporary directory (where you unzipped the zip archive) under ’sapi’ folder.
Also if you want to use the different PHP extensions then copy files in extensions folder from temporary directory to main PHP directory though make sure your PHP is working fine before messing up with extensions’ installation.
Also MySQL is already enabled by now and you don’t need to do anything extra to enable it with PHP.
Now copy the php.ini-dist file to your Windows installation folder typically C:\WINDOWS and rename it to php.ini (remove -dist from the name)
Congratulations! you are done with the PHP installation on Windows
However, let me tell you some additional information about configuring PHP to fit to your needs and requirements.
If you want to use posted variables with their direct names e.g $var1, $name etc then you need to switch on the Global Variables in the php.ini file that we just moved to Windows installation folder. Open the php.ini file with notepad and search for this line
register_globals = Off
change Off to On and you are done.
Remember if you will not turn it on then you would have to access your posted variables with the REQUEST GLOBAL ARRAY reference i.e $_REQUEST[’var1′] etc
Setting Up SMTP SERVER:
If you want to send emails from your local PC using your ISP then you need to set up your SMTP server in the php.ini file , search for this code
;for win32 only
SMTP = localhost
;for wind32 only
and change it accordingly to your SMTP server settings e.g
;for win32 only
SMTP = mail.yourisp.com
;for wind32 only
If you are terribly confused with this SMTP thing then don’t worry, You are a NEWBIE ! so just forget about it and once we are handling Mail in PHP then you will understand the need and use of SMTP server etc